Round Up

30 11 2005

Good – Millions
Bad – Two Girls and a Guy
Fugly – Monster-in-Law

Red – Miner Family Vineyard 2000 Cabernet Sauvignon Oakville
White – JanKris 2004 Chardonnay
Sparkling – Zonin Prosecco

Shake 2 oz pomegranate juice with 2 tbs fresh lime juice and simple syrup
Pour into champagne flute
Top with 4 oz of chilled Grappa Prosecco
Simple. Lovely. Chilling. Thrilling.PROSECCO
Canella Prosecco di Conegliano $13
* Borgo Magredo Prosecco $12
* Col Vetoraz Prosecco di Valdobbiadene $12
* Bisol Prosecco Jelo $11
* Santa Margherita Prosecco fi Valdobbiadene $16
* Mionetto IL Prosecco $10
* Riondo Prosecco $10
Tip: Prosecco shipments are infrequent so it is always worth buying a case when the prices dip which is usually once every two quarters.


Wensley Day

29 11 2005

I have been a fan of the Wallace and Gromit series since their three (3) shorts debuted nearly sixteen years ago. Their latest (and only) feature is Wallace & Gromit in The Curse of the Were-Rabbit. It is clever and appealed to the kids and adults alike, but on different planes.

Some introductory facts (for newbies):

  • Sixteen years ago, I was introduced to an eccentric cheese loving inventor (Wallace) and his oyal canine companion (Gromit) who actually runs his master’s show in a short called “A Grand Day Out with Wallace and Gromit“. W&G went to the moon and back int he quest for an unlimited supply of cheese. It was 6 years in the making. In 1990, the short was nominated for Best Animated Short (which went to another Park creation, “Creature Comforts“)
  • In 1994, W&G won an Oscar for “Wallace & Gromit in The Wrong Trousers” and two years later for “Wallace & Gromit in A Close Shave“. All three shorts won BAFTA awards. I am baffled that there are not more W&G shorts considering the fans number in the legion.
  • W&G is the second collaboration between DreamWorks Animation and Aardman (previously “Chicken Run“)
  • Wallace is hopelessly addicted to cheese, preferably Wensleydale

Some fun facts (for die-hard fans):

  • it took 250 people 5 years to make the film with photography over 18 months
  • each animator produced 5 seconds of film per week
  • 44 pounds of glue were used monthly to stick down sets
  • Victor Quartermaine was known as Tristrum and written in as Lady Tottington’s son
  • Lady Campanula (named for Nick Park’s favorite flowers)’s look changed 40 times in preproduction
  • Victor’s dog, Philip, was originally a Pointer but change to the BUlldog family to make him more English
  • Police Constable Macintosh (PC Mac!) is named after the computers used
  • Carrot on a Hot Tin Roof referes to the 1958 movie version of Tennesee Williams play
  • The hairdressers shop is “Close Shave” in honor of the Oscar winning short which was W&G’s third adventure
  • When the Were-Rabbit stalks the Vicar in the church, it reminds you of a similar one set on the London Underground in “An American Werewolf in London” (1981)
  • Spartichoke refers to “Spartacus” (1960)
  • The Latin motto of the Tottington family inscribed on the Manor House translates roughly as “Manure Liberates Us All”
  • The fairground stand says “Hot Dogs, and Cats, and Burgers” referenceing Dreamworks Animation CEO Jeffrey Katzenberg
  • The models are made by 40 skilled workers using modeling clay (or plasticine) called Aard Mix with 42 colors of plasticine used, and 15 pairs of new plasticine hands made weekly for Wallace, and 500 rabbits mafe for the film.
  • New eyes were made for every character every 2 months
  • Ther are 16 versions of Victors in costumes and 15 versions of Laddy Tottingtons in different costumes.
  • All of the wallpaper is hand painted. All of the tools to create the props are proper tools made in miniature
  • Tottington Hall took months to develop and is closest to the National Trust’s Montacute House in Somerset. 100 varieties of foliage were researched and recreated for an authentic look for the countryside, gardens and Tottington hall landscapes but the Lady’s rooftop conservatory features produce not normally grown in England – melons, figs, grapes, vines, peppers and lemons.
  • Various scale models of the anti-Pesto van were made, each for more than the price of an original Austin A35. It has a working suspecion with functioning lights, doors and hood. . For all the ground covered, it only drives half a mile on screen. As it was modeled on an actual A35 Austin van, the Austin Fan Club of the UK renovated an A35 with logos and dents and is currently touring the UK with the number plate HOP2IT. Nick Park own an A35
  • Computer artists referenced smoke rings, neon lights, bubbles, glitter and the science fiction film Metropolis before coming up with the final look for the Mindwaves

Advent Forward

28 11 2005

Advent is the beginning of the Church year beginning yesterday (the fourth Sunday before Christmas Day). It usually begins on the Sunday nearest November 30 and ends on Christmas ever. If the Eve is a Sunday (like it will be this year), then that is counted as the fourth Sunday of Advent, with Christmas Ever proper beginning at sundown.

The primary sanctuary color of Advent is Purple, the color of royalty to welcome the Advent. This is also the color still used in more Catholic chruches and the color of suffering used during Lent and Holy week, thus connecting Jesus’ birth and death. Many churches, however, now use blue to distinguish the Season of Advent from Lent. While Royal Blue is used as a symbol of royalty, churches use bright blue to symboilze the night sky, the anticipation of the impending announcement of the coming of the King, or to symbolize the waters of Genesis I, the beginning of a new creation. Advent means “coming” or arrival and the focus is on the celebration of the birth of Christ in his first advent and the anticipation of his return in his Second Advent.

The beginning of Advent is a time for the hanging of the wreath, decoration of the church with evergreen wreaths, boughs or trees that help to symbolize the renewal of life everlasting. This is accompanied by music, especially choir and hand bells, and Scripture reading. The circle of the wreath is the endlessness of eternity and mercy. The green bespeaks hope in newness and renewal. Candles symbolize the light of God shining within us. The four outer candle are the period of waiting (four centuries) between the prophet Malachi and the birth of Christ. The colors of the candles vary, but there are usually three purple or blue candles. One of the purple candles is lit the first Sunday of advent, a Scrpture is read, a short reading is given and a prayer offered. On subsequent Sundays, previous candles are relit and an additional one lit. The pink candle is usually lit on the third Sunday of Advent but this is variable. The light of the candles is a reminder of hope in the darkness of our lives and reminds us to be a light to the world we live in. The first candle is the candle of Expectation (Hope, or Prophecy). The remaining three are associated with different aspects of the Advent story in different churches, or even in different years. So the sequence might be Bethlehem, Shepherds, Angels; or Peace, love, Joy; or John the Baptist, the Magi, Mary; or the Annunciation, Proclamation, Fulfilment. the third candle, usualy for the third or fourth Sunday is Pink or Rose for Joy. The center (Christ) candle is lit on Christmas ever or Day. As many Protestant churches do not have services on those days, it may be lit on the sunday before Christmas. All five candles continue to be lit in services through Epiphany (January 6). The central location indicates the incarnation is the heart of the season and gives light to the world.

The critical success of Advent is that it can be observed in the home and the church. It is a time to involve children in activities that connect to the Church. An advent calendar keeps the children’s interest high. While there is a wide variety, the one I enjoy is simply a card or poster with windows that can be opened, one each day of Advent to reveal some symbol associated with the Old Testament story leading up to the birth of Chirst. It is ironic to see how frail and imperfect the “heroes” are: Abraham is a coward who cannot believe the promise; Jacob is a cheat who struggles with all; Joseph is an immature and arrogant teen; Moses is an impatient murdered who cannot wait for God; Gideon is the cowardly Ball worshipper; Samson is a womanizing drunk; David is a power crazy adulterer; Solomon is the unwise wise man; Hezekian is the reforming king who could not go quite far enough and a very young Jewish girl evolves from a small village in a remote corner of a great empire. It does not quite have the cache of Jessica Simpson breaking up with Nick Lachey, but would have made the In Touch Weekly of yore.

Bonded Labor

27 11 2005

Since it is Thanksgiving weekend coming up, I will be watching a Bond marathon as usual simply because I do not do turkey.

The official Bond films are

Non-canonical ones that I cannot count

  1. Charles K Feldman’s Casino Royale (1954 on telly, and 1967)
  2. Never Say Never Again
  3. Goldeneye: The Secret Life of Ian Fleming, the Real James Bond (1989)

Bond Free

26 11 2005
  • Bond debuted in the novel Casino Royale in 1952
  • Bond was based on Dr. John Dee, the first British secret agent
  • James Bond was the author of a book Mr Fleming read, “Birds of the West Indies”
  • Dr No was the first Bond film
  • Bond pretended to work for Universal Exports
  • The armorer who supplies Bond is Q, for Quartermaster, played b y Desmond Llewellyn in 17 Bond films
  • In the Goldfinger novel, Pussy Galore is lesbian
  • While having appeared as Bond seven times, Mr Connery says “shaken, not stirred” only once, in GOldfinger
  • On her Majesty’s Secret Service is the longest Bond film. 140 minutes
  • George Lazenby is the only one to play Bond only once
  • Smirnoff is the vodka always used by Bond in his martinis
  • SPECTRE is SPecial Executive for Coutner Intelligence Terrorism Revenge Extortion
  • SMERSH is a Russian acronym for SMERt SHpionam (Death to Spies)
  • The satellite dish in Goldeneye was used in Contact
  • By the Goldeneye contract, Mr. Brosnan is forbidden to appear in any other film wearing a tuxedo
  • Goldeneye is the nickname of Mr Fleming’s beachfront house in Jamaica where he wrote the Bond novels. It is also the first Bond film to be released on DVD
  • Bond’s parents were killed in a climbing accident
  • The longest precredit sequence in any Bond film is in The World is Not Enough (15 minutes)
  • Monraker has excerpts from themes from Close Encounters of the Third Kind and the Magnificent Seven.
  • Bond films have been nominated 10 times for Academy awards, five for technical and five for musical categories

Thoughtful Food

25 11 2005

In 1621 the Plymouth colonists and the Wampanoag Indians shared an autumn harvest feast which is now known as the first Thanksgiving. While cooking methods and table etiquette have changed as the holiday has evolved, the meal is still consumed today with the same spirit of celebration and overindulgence.

What Was Actually on the Menu?
What foods topped the table at the first harvest feast? Historians aren’t completely certain about the full bounty, but it’s safe to say the pilgrims weren’t gobbling up pumpkin pie or playing with their mashed potatoes. Following is a list of the foods that were available to the colonists at the time of the 1621 feast. However, the only two items that historians know for sure were on the menu are venison and wild fowl, which are mentioned in primary sources. The most detailed description of the “First Thanksgiving” comes from Edward Winslow from A Journal of the Pilgrims at Plymouth, in 1621:

“Our harvest being gotten in, our governor sent four men on fowling, that so we might after a special manner rejoice together after we had gathered the fruit of our labors. They four in one day killed as much fowl as, with a little help beside, served the company almost a week. At which time, among other recreations, we exercised our arms, many of the Indians coming amongst us, and among the rest their greatest king Massasoit, with some ninety men, whom for three days we entertained and feasted, and they went out and killed five deer, which they brought to the plantation and bestowed upon our governor, and upon the captain, and others. And although it be not always so plentiful as it was at this time with us, yet by the goodness of God, we are so far from want that we often wish you partakers
of our plenty.

Seventeenth Century Table Manners:
The pilgrims didn’t use forks; they ate with spoons, knives, and their fingers. They wiped their hands on large cloth napkins which they also used to pick up hot morsels of food. Salt would have been on the table at the harvest feast, and people would have sprinkled it on their food. Pepper, however, was something that they used for cooking but wasn’t available on the table.

In the seventeenth century, a person’s social standing determined what he or she ate. The best food was placed next to the most important people. People didn’t tend to sample everything that was on the table (as we do today), they just ate what was closest to them.

Serving in the seventeenth century was very different from serving today. People weren’t served their meals individually. Foods were served onto the table and then people took the food from the table and ate it. All the servers had to do was move the food from the place where it was cooked onto the table.

Pilgrims didn’t eat in courses as we do today. All of the different types of foods were placed on the table at the same time and people ate in any order they chose. Sometimes there were two courses, but each of them would contain both meat dishes, puddings, and sweets.

More Meat, Less Vegetables
Our modern Thanksgiving repast is centered around the turkey, but that certainly wasn’t the case at the pilgrims’s feasts. Their meals included many different meats. Vegetable dishes, one of the main components of our modern celebration, didn’t really play a large part in the feast mentality of the seventeenth century. Depending on the time of year, many vegetables weren’t available to the colonists.

The pilgrims probably didn’t have pies or anything sweet at the harvest feast. They had brought some sugar with them on the Mayflower but by the time of the feast, the supply had dwindled. Also, they didn’t have an oven so pies and cakes and breads were not possible at all. The food that was eaten at the harvest feast would have seemed fatty by 1990’s standards, but it was probably more healthy for the pilgrims than it would be for people today. The colonists were more active and needed more protein. Heart attack was the least of their worries. They were more concerned about the plague and pox.

Surprisingly Spicy Cooking
People tend to think of English food at bland, but, in fact, the pilgrims used many spices, including cinnamon, ginger, nutmeg, pepper, and dried fruit, in sauces for meats. In the seventeenth century, cooks did not use proportions or talk about teaspoons and tablespoons. Instead, they just improvised. The best way to cook things in the seventeenth century was to roast them. Among the pilgrims, someone was assigned to sit for hours at a time and turn the spit to make sure the meat was evenly done.

Since the pilgrims and Wampanoag Indians had no refrigeration in the seventeenth century, they tended to dry a lot of their foods to preserve them. They dried Indian corn, hams, fish, and herbs.

Dinner for Breakfast: Pilgrim Meals:
The biggest meal of the day for the colonists was eaten at noon and it was called noonmeat or dinner. The housewives would spend part of their morning cooking that meal. Supper was a smaller meal that they had at the end of the day. Breakfast tended to be leftovers from the previous day’s noonmeat.

In a pilgrim household, the adults sat down to eat and the children and servants waited on them. The foods that the colonists and Wampanoag Indians ate were very similar, but their eating patterns were different. While the colonists had set eating patterns–breakfast, dinner, and supper–the Wampanoags tended to eat when they were hungry and to have pots cooking throughout the day.

Giving Thanks

24 11 2005

Thanksgiving is an annual holiday observed in the US. The holiday is celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November, and is generally considered the second biggest after Christmas.

Thanksgiving is closely related to harvest festivals that had long been a traditional holiday in much of Europe. The first North American celebration of these festivals by Europeans was held in Newfoundland by Martin Frobisher and the Frobisher Expedition in 1578. Another such festival occurred on December 4, 1619 when 38 colonists from Berkeley Parish in England disembarked in Virginia and gave thanks to God. Prior to this, there was also a Thanksgiving feast celebrated by Francisco Vasques de Coronado (along with friendly Teya Indians) on 23 May 1541 in Texas’ Palo Duro Canyon, to celebrate his expedition’s discovery of food supplies. Some hold this to be the true first Thanksgiving in North America. Another such event occurred a quarter century later on September 8, 1565 in St. Augustine when Pedro Menéndez de Avilés landed; he and his men shared a feast with the natives.

Thanksgiving is traditionally celebrated with a large dinner shared among friends and family. In both Canada and the United States, it is an important family gathering, and people often travel long distances to be with relations for the celebration. The Thanksgiving holiday is often a “four-day weekend” in the United States, in which Americans are given the relevant Thursday and Friday off. Thanksgiving is usually celebrated almost entirely at home, unlike the Fourth of July or Christmas, which are associated with a variety of shared public experiences (fireworks, caroling, etc.). In Canada, it is a three-day weekend, as Thanksgiving is observed on the second Monday of October every year.

Since at least the 1930s, the Christmas shopping season in the U.S. traditionally begins when Thanksgiving ends. In New York City, the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade is held annually every Thanksgiving Day in Midtown Manhattan. The parade features moving stands with specific themes, scenes from Broadway plays, large balloons of cartoon characters and TV personalities, and high school marching bands. It always ends with the image of Santa Claus passing the reviewing stand. Thanksgiving parades also occur in other cities such as Plymouth, Houston, Philadelphia (which claims the oldest parade), and Detroit (where it is the only major parade of the year). Because of the earlier date, Santa Claus parades in Canada do not fall on Thanksgiving; the only major parade on that day in Canada is the Oktoberfest parade in Kitchener-Waterloo.

While the biggest day of shopping of the year in the U.S., as measured by customer traffic, is still the Black Friday after Thanksgiving (the biggest by sales volume is either the Saturday before Christmas or December 23), most shops start to stock for and promote the December holidays immediately after Halloween, and sometimes even before.

American football is often a major part of Thanksgiving celebrations in the U.S. and likewise Canadian football in Canada. Professional games are traditionally played on Thanksgiving Day in both countries; until recently in the U.S., these were the only games played during the week apart from Sunday or Monday night. The Detroit Lions of the American National Football League have hosted a game every Thanksgiving Day since 1934, with the exception of 1939–1944 (due to World War II). The Dallas Cowboys have hosted every Thanksgiving Day since 1966, with the exception of 1975 and 1977 when the then-St. Louis Cardinals hosted. Additionally, many college and high school football games are played over Thanksgiving weekend, often between regional or historic rivals.

U.S. tradition associates the holiday with a meal held in 1621 by the Wampanoag and the PIlgrims who settled in Plymouth, Massachusetts. Some of the details of the American Thanksgiving story are myths that developed in the 1890s and early 1900s as part of the effort to forge a common national identity in the aftermath of the Civil War and in the melting pot of new immigrants. Most people recognize the first Thanksgiving as taking place on an unremembered date, sometime in the autumn of 1621, when the Pilgrims held a three-day feast to celebrate the bountiful harvest they reaped following their first winter in North America.

The Pilgrims did not hold Thanksgiving again until 1623, when it followed a drought, prayers for rain and a subsequent rain shower. Irregular Thanksgivings continued after favorable events and days of fasting after unfavorable ones. Gradually an annual Thanksgiving after the harvest developed in the mid-17th century. This did not occur on any set day or necessarily on the same day in different colonies in America.

Some, including historian Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., point out that the first time colonists from Europe gave thanks in what would become the United States was on December 4, 1619, in Berkeley, Virginia. That was when the thirty-eight members of The Stanford Company landed there after a three-month voyage in the Margaret. Having been recruited from Gloucestershire to establish a colony in the New World, the men were under orders to give thanks when they arrived, so the first thing they did was to kneel down and do so. In November 1970, their descendants returned to Plymouth to publicize the true story of Thanksgiving and, along with about two hundred other Indians from around the country, to observe a national day of Indian mourning.”

The Pilgrims set apart a day for thanksgiving at Plymouth immediately after their first harvest, in 1621; the Massachusetts Bay Colony for the first time in 1630, and frequently thereafter until about 1680, when it became an annual festival in that colony; and Connecticut as early as 1639 and annually after 1647, except in 1675. The Dutch in New Netherlands appointed a day for giving thanks in 1644 and occasionally thereafter. During the American Revolutionary War the Continental Congress appointed one or more thanksgiving days each year, except in 1777, each time recommending to the executives of the various states the observance of these days in their states. George Washington, leader of the revolutionary forces in the American Revolutionary War, proclaimed a Thanksgiving in December 1777 as a victory celebration honoring the defeat of the British at Saratoga. The Continental Congress proclaimed annual December Thanksgivings from 1777 to 1783, except in 1782.

George Washington again proclaimed Thanksgivings, now as President, in 1789 and 1795. President John Adams declared Thanksgivings in 1798 and 1799. President Madison, in response to resolutions of Congress, set apart a day for thanksgiving at the close of the War of 1812. Madison declared the holiday twice in 1815; however, none of these was celebrated in autumn. One was annually appointed by the governor of New York from 1817. In some of the Southern states there was opposition to the observance of such a day on the ground that it was a relic of Puritanical bigotry, but by 1858 proclamations appointing a day of thanksgiving were issued by the governors of 25 states and two Territories. Since 1863, Thanksgiving has been observed annually in the United States.

In 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared that Thanksgiving would be the next to last Thursday of November rather than the last. With the country still in the midst of The Great Depression, Roosevelt thought this would give merchants a longer period to sell goods before Christmas. Increasing profits and spending during this period, Roosevelt hoped, would aid bringing the country out of the Depression. At the time, it was considered inappropriate to advertise goods for Christmas until after Thanksgiving. However, Roosevelt’s declaration was not mandatory; twenty-three states went along with this recommendation, and 22 did not. Other states, like Texas, could not decide and took both weeks as government holidays. Roosevelt persisted in 1940 to celebrate his “Franksgiving,” as it was termed. The U.S. Congress in 1941 split the difference and established that the Thanksgiving would occur annually on the fourth Thursday of November, which was sometimes the last Thursday and sometimes the next to last. On November 26 that year President Roosevelt signed this bill into U.S. law. President Truman receiving a Thanksgiving turkey from members of the Poultry and Egg National Board and other representatives of the turkey industry, outside the White House.

Since 1947, or possibly earlier, the National Turkey Federation has presented the President of the United States with one live turkey and two dressed turkeys. The live turkey is pardoned and lives out the rest of its days on a peaceful farm. While it is commonly held that this tradition began with Harry Truman in 1947, the Truman Library has been unable to find any evidence for this. Still others claim that that the tradition dates back to Abraham Lincoln pardoning his son’s pet turkey. Both stories have been quoted in more recent presidential speeches.

In more recent years, two turkeys have been pardoned, in case the original turkey becomes unavailable for presidential pardoning. Since 2003 the public has been invited to vote for the two turkeys’ names. In 2005, they were named Marshmallow and Yam; 2004’s turkeys were named Biscuit and Gravy; in 2003, Stars and Stripes. Since 1970, a group of Native Americans and others have held a National Day of Mourning protest on Thanksgiving at Plymouth Rock in Plymouth, Massachusetts.

The centerpiece of contemporary Thanksgiving in the United States and Canada is a large meal, starring a large roasted turkey. Because turkey is the most common main dish of a Thanksgiving dinner, Thanksgiving is sometimes colloquially called Turkey Day in the USA. The USDA estimated that 269 million turkeys were raised in the country in 2003, about one-sixth of which were destined for a Thanksgiving dinner plate.

Foods other than turkey are sometimes served as the main dish for a Thanksgiving dinner. Goose and duck, foods which were traditional European centerpieces of Christmas dinners before being displaced by turkeys, are now ironically sometimes served in place of the Thanksgiving turkey. On the West Coast of the United States, Dungeness crab is common as an alternate main dish, as crab season starts in early November. Turducken, a turkey stuffed with a duck stuffed with a chicken, is becoming more popular, from its base in Louisiana. Deep-fried turkey is rising in popularity as well, requiring special fryers to hold the large bird, and reportedly leading to fires and bad burns. In Maryland, sauerkraut is eaten. Sometimes a variant recipe for cooking turkey could be used, for example a Chinese recipe for goose could be used on the similarly-sized American bird. Vegetarians or vegans may try tofurkey, a tofu based dish with imitation turkey flavor.

Many other foods are served alongside the main dish—so many that, because of the amount of food, the Thanksgiving meal is sometimes served midday or early afternoon to make time for all the eating, and preparation may begin at the crack of dawn or days before.

Traditional Thanksgiving foods are sometimes specific to the day, and although some of the foods might be seen at any semi-formal meal in the United States, the meal often has something of a ritual or traditional quality.

Commonly served dishes include cranberry sauce, gravy, mashed potatoes, candied yams, green beans or green bean casserole, and stuffing. For dessert, various pies are served, particularly pumpkin pie, apple pie and pecan pie. There are also regional differences as to the “stuffing” (or “dressing”) traditionally served with the turkey. Southerners generally make theirs from cornbread, while in other parts of the country white bread is the base. One or several of the following may be added: oysters, apples, chestnuts, raisins, celery and/or other vegetables, sausage or the turkey’s giblets.

Other dishes reflect the region or cultural background of those who have come together for the meal. For example, Italian-Americans often have lasagna on the table and Ashkenazi Jews may serve noodle kugel, a sweet pudding. Irish-Americans have been known sometimes to substitute the turkey with prime rib of beef. Those of the vegetarian or vegan persuasion have been known to come up with alternative entree centerpieces such as a large vegetable pie or a stuffed and baked pumpkin.

In certain parts of the United States, the name for Thanksgiving can be shortened or changed. These nicknames include: Turkey Day (after the traditional Thanksgiving dinner), T-Day (abbreviation of either “Thanksgiving” or “Turkey”), Macy’s Day (exclusive to New York City , a reference to the parade, above, as in “Macy’s Day Parade” instead of the proper “Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade”). In Canada, the Thanksgiving in the United States is sometimes referred to as Yanksgiving to distinguish it from the Canadian holiday. Smart arses.